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江西成人高考学位英语考试:动词的运用讲解

时间:2020-06-02 15:00来源:江西继续教育网 作者:江西成考网 点击:

既然这是个常见的错误,我们便要特别留意,并且记住下面这些指导原则:

  ●动词和主语在人称和数目上要一致,如:

  ① I am a writer.

  ② Helen is an editor.

  ③ They have a good future.

  ④ Dr Chen teaches us English.

  ⑤ Some old houses were burnt to the ground.

  ⑥ A deserted hut has already been demolished.

  ●两个或两个以上的单数主语由连接词“and”贯串起来时,便成了复数,动词也要复数,如:

  ⑦ David and Jason are colleagues.

  ⑧The driver and the passenger were involved in a quarrel.

  ●两个主语由“with”或“as well as ”等连接时,动词要和第一个主语的人称及数目呼应,如:

  ⑨ A woman with her puppies is walking along the lake.

  ⑩ The monitor as well as the other students has been scolded.

  ●两个主语由“either……or”或“neither……nor”连接时,动词要和第二个主语的人称及数目呼应,如:

  11. Either you or your friend is wrong.

  12. Neither John nor his classmates have said it.

  ●集合名词(collective noun)当整体看待时,动词是单数,如:

  13. The steering committee is made up of five members.

  14. The jury has made its final decision.

  有时可以个别看待集合名词里的成员,这时这些成员合起来便变成复数,动词也是复数了,如:

  15. The committee have met once and they will meet again next month.

  16. Despite hours of deliberations, the jury were still divided in their opinions.

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